Monday, June 1, 2015

Exciting Archeological Discoveries Validating The Bible

            For the past 200 years the Bible has been tirelessly attacked on various fronts. One such attack has been on the historicity of the Bible – whether the Bible is historically accurate or not. 

            To begin with, the following is a listing of a few of the major archaeological discoveries (not in any particular order), validating biblical truths, over the past century.

Writings Before the Time of Moses

            Discoveries of a tablet containing Ugaritic alphabets, a pottery water pitcher inscribed with eleven archaic letters, and the code of Hammurabi at an ancient site at Susa (present day Iran) affirmed that the art of writing existed even before Moses’ time. Hence it is reasonable to assert the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch, thereby negating ‘documentary hypothesis.’[1]

Discovery of Humanity of Genesis 1-11

            University of Birmingham archeologist Jeffrey Rose’s discovery of over sixty new archeological sites along the shoreline of the Persian Gulf are dated as older than 7,500 years. In 2006, archeologist Hans-Peter Uerpmann of the University of Tubingen in Germany uncovered the remains of three different settlements that date between 25,000 and 125,000 years old at the base of Jebel Faya in the United Arab Emirates. [2]

Discovery of Edom

            Edom, present day Southern Jordan, was the land inhabited by the descendants of Esau. Archeological discovery of a copper mine in Edom region dated to 10th century BC enhances the credibility of the biblical account of Edom ruled by King David. [3]

Tel Dan Stela – The First Historical Evidence of King David Outside The Bible

            “The Tel Dan inscription, or “House of David” inscription, was discovered in 1993 at the site of Tel Dan in northern Israel in an excavation directed by Israeli archaeologist Avraham Biran.” [4]

Burial Plaque of King Uzziah

            “His stone burial plaque has been discovered on the Mount of Olives, and it reads: “Here, the bones of Uzziah, King of Judah, were brought. Do not open.”” [5]

Existence of Hittites

            “A century ago the Hittites were unknown outside of the Old Testament, and critics claimed that they were a figment of biblical imagination. In 1906, however, archaeologists digging east of Ankara, Turkey, discovered the ruins of Hattusas, the ancient Hittite capital at what is today called Boghazkoy…” [6]

Discovery of Biblical Cities

            Jericho, Haran, Hazor, Dan, Megiddo, Shechem, Samaria, Shiloh, Gezer, Gibeah, Beth Shemesh, Beth Shean, Beersheba, Lachish, Jerusalem & Babylon have been discovered. Apart from these cities, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Gaza, Gath, and Ekron (the five cities established by Phillistines; Israel’s enemy) have also been excavated. [7]

Walls of Jericho

            Of four prominent archaeologists who have excavated the Jericho site, Carl Watzinger, John Garstang, Kathleen Kenyon, and Bryant Wood, these are the words of Garstang who attests to the miraculous fall of this historical city, ““As to the main fact, then, there remains no doubt: the walls fell outwards so completely, the attackers would be able to clamber up and over the ruins of the city.” This is remarkable because when attacked city walls fall inward, not outward.”[8]

Siloam Pool of Jesus’ Time              

            “During construction work to repair a large water pipe south of Jerusalem’s Temple Mount, at the southern end of the ridge known as the City of David, archaeologists Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron identified two ancient stone steps. Further excavation revealed that they were part of a monumental pool from the Second Temple period, the period in which Jesus lived. The structure Reich and Shukron discovered was 225 feet long, with corners that are slightly greater than 90 degrees, indicating a trapezoidal shape, with the widening end oriented toward Tyropoeon valley. The Siloam Pool is adjacent to the area in the ancient City of David known as the King’s Garden and is just southeast of the remains of the fifth-century church and pool traditionally believed to be the sacred Christian site.”[9]

Lazarus’ Tomb

            Renowned Christian apologist Dr. Ravi Zacharias said, “Some years ago, I was in Israel and visited the village of Bethany where Lazarus’ body once lay before Jesus raised him. A few months ago, I stood by the tomb of Lazarus in Larnaca, Cyprus, where he had become the bishop of the church. That tomb was excavated nearly one thousand years ago, and the simple inscription on the grave said, “Lazarus, Bishop of Larnaca—Four days dead, Friend of Jesus.” (Emphasis Mine) [10]

Ossuary of High Priest Caiaphas

            “A dump truck accidentally smashed through the roof of a tomb in November, 1990, during some work in the Jerusalem Peace Forest, leading to the discovery of the ossuary which contained the bones of the High Priest in the time of Jesus… Two of a dozen ossuaries in the tomb contained a form of the name Qafa', or Caiaphas.” [11]

Inscriptional Evidence for Pontius Pilate   

            “…inscriptional evidence for Pilate was discovered in Italian excavations at Caesarea Maritima in 1961. Antonio Frova, director of the excavations, found a dedicatory stone that bore a three-line inscription: Tiberieum/[Pon]tius Pilatus/[Praef]ectus Iuda[eae], "Tiberius [the Roman emperor of the period]/Pontius Pilate/Prefect of Judea."”[12]

Crucified Man – Tomb of Yehohanan

            “…in 1968, archaeologist Vassilios Tzaferis excavated a Jerusalem tomb that contained the bones of a crucified man named Yehohanan…the discovery demonstrated the brutal reality of Roman crucifixion methods in a way that written accounts never had before.”[13]. This discovery negates those who disbelieve in Christ’s crucifixion.

            To think of the Bible as a pure religious document without any historic accuracy is to negate its divine inspiration and inerrancy. At the same time, we should be aware that the absence of evidence is not necessarily an evidence of absence. Hence, with the available archeological evidences, we could reasonably posit the inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible.   







[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid.







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